|Scratch detected on laptop housing using contrast measurement.|
Radiant ProMetric® Imaging Colorimeters and Photometers are engineered for the measurement and detection of subtle variations in light and color uniformity across illuminated components. Based on these photometric measurement capabilities, Radiant imagers are ideally-suited for detecting anomalous features on surfaces and grading these defects based on their location, scope, and severity. Radiant systems also offer all of the benefits of automated inspection, including objective analysis and quantifiable results, enabling error tracking for automation and operational improvement. An extensive set of machine vision and photometric evaluation tools are also available for production-level monitoring and pass/fail test sequencing using Radiant’s TrueTest™ Automated Visual Inspection Software.
Unmatched Camera Resolution and Dynamic Range
The performance of a machine vision inspection system is dependent on the acquisition of high-quality images, enabling the system to “see” defects in greater detail and apply meaningful evaluations. The resolution of a standard machine vision camera sensor will typically range from one to five megapixels. Leveraging the superior resolution (up to 29MP) and dynamic range (up to 73.4 dB) of Radiant’s ProMetric Imaging Photometers or Colorimeters, Radiant machine vision systems capture unmatched image clarity. These systems apply their high dynamic range to detect hairline variations on part surfaces caused by reflections of light (like shadows that indicate a scratch), while high resolution CCD sensors allow the systems to image and classify defects with extreme precision. Radiant cameras can detect defects unnoticed by human inspectors, including light scratches on glass and foreign particles.
Unknown Defects in Unknown Locations
Dent detected on tablet back.
Photometry-Based Evaluation of “Just Noticeable Differences”
Because Radiant’s visual inspection systems are based on photometric software tools, they leverage advantages in light measurement for the detection and qualification of surface-level defects. One such advantage is the application of “just noticeable difference” (JND) for uniformity evaluation, which is the amount of change over a surface area in order for the difference to be noticeable at least half of the time. Radiant photometric and colorimetric imagers utilize JND to evaluate significant non-uniformities and mura (cloudiness) in illuminated displays, which would be deemed unacceptable by a human observer. As with illuminated components, JND measurement can be applied to non-illuminated surfaces for detecting and grading “uniformity” issues on surfaces caused by scratches, dents, smudges, and other defects.
Smudges detected on tablet screen using principles of mura or uniformity inspection.
A dent’s length and width can be measured to determine whether a device passes or fails.